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Category: Pulmonary

Bronchial Aspirates in the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Bronchial Aspirates by CA

Specimens were regarded as positive for AFB even if only one or two cells per 300 fields were observed. Cultures were grown using egg-based Ogawa medium, and growth was observed for 8 weeks, after which the M tuberculosis complex was Read More

Bronchial Aspirates in the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Sample Preparation

The bronchoscope was subsequently disassembled into component parts in preparation for disinfection, and the lumen cleaned manually by brushing with povidone-iodine (Betadine; Mundipharma; Seoul, Korea). The parts were cleaned using the standard protocol. A total of 23 min of automated Read More

Bronchial Aspirates in the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Materials and Methods

This study was undertaken to investigate the clinical utility of DATs on bronchoscopic aspirates in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis, with particular regard to the possibility of false-positive results arising from cross-contamination via bronchoscopes. COBAS AMPLICOR (CA) [Roche Diagnostics Systems; Read More

Bronchial Aspirates in the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is the principal cause of death due to infection worldwide. Following several decades of decline, the incidence of tuberculosis has recently begun to increase in many countries. Early diagnosis and treatment is important for the control of tuberculosis. A Read More

Prognosis of Patients With Advanced Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Requiring Mechanical Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Failure: LTx

LTx has now gained widespread acceptance as a therapeutic option in patients with IPF. Moreover, it has been recently shown that LTx confers a survival benefit in patients with IPF compared with spontaneous survival on waiting lists. Performing LTx in Read More

Prognosis of Patients With Advanced Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Requiring Mechanical Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Failure: Discussion

Our results indicate that in patients with end-stage IPF presenting with ARF, MV does not lead to improvement in gas exchange and is associated with a poor prognosis. We also found that the precipitating cause of ARF was not identified Read More

Prognosis of Patients With Advanced Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Requiring Mechanical Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Failure: Result2

At admission to ICU, the adODIN score was 1.40 ± 0.6. Seven patients had an adODIN score > 1. In addition to respiratory failure that was present in all patients, cardiovascular dysfunction was observed in two patients and documented infection Read More

Prognosis of Patients With Advanced Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Requiring Mechanical Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Failure: Results

At the time of intubation (day 0), volume-control ventilation was used with tidal volume ranging from 8 to 13 mL/kg and respiratory rate from 16 to 20 breaths/min. The corresponding mean peak airway pressure that resulted at day 0 was Read More

Prognosis of Patients With Advanced Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Requiring Mechanical Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Failure: Assessment of Patients During ARF

Assessment of Patients During ARF Several parameters were retrieved from the medical records: outcome (death or survival), duration of MV up to extubation or death, and percentage of patients who underwent LTx. Arterial blood gas measurements (Radiometer; Copenhagen, Denmark) obtained Read More

Prognosis of Patients With Advanced Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Requiring Mechanical Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Failure: ARF

The baseline characteristics of these 23 patients are given in Table 1. We recorded the most recent results of pulmonary function tests performed before the current hospitalization when the patient was considered to be in a stable condition. At admission Read More

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